Formerly known as Mogador, Essaouira is a city on the Atlantic coast in the western Moroccan economic region of Marrakesh-Safi. The historic fortress walls that still enclose part of the city have given it an additional name which means "the little rampart". The Medina of Essaouira is a UNESCO World Heritage listed city, an example of a late 18th-century fortified town as transferred to North Africa by European colonists. Essaouira's climate is Mediterranean with oceanic influences. The gap between highs and lows is small and summers are warm while winters are mild.